Measuring the burden of disease and returns to education in rural West Africa

the collection and analysis of mortality, morbidity, and socio-economic data in the Nouna Health District in Burkina Faso by Ralph P. WuМ€rthwein

Publisher: Duncker & Humblot, Publisher: RWI, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut in Berlin, Essen

Written in English
Published: Pages: 182 Downloads: 28
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Places:

  • Africa, West,
  • Africa, West.

Subjects:

  • Medical care -- Africa, West -- Finance.,
  • Medical economics -- Africa, West.,
  • Medical policy -- Africa, West.

Edition Notes

  Hypertension, the leading single cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, is a growing public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Few studies have estimated and compared the burden of hypertension across different SSA populations. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of blood pressure data collected through a cohort study in four SSA countries, to estimate the . communicable diseases and injury which can lead to disability now contributes more significantly to the burden of disease in Africa. This development is quite worrisome and the consequence is enormous pressure on countries’ health systems. The health systems must respond effectively to these challenges if Africa as a continent must be free of.   1 INTRODUCTION. Africa bears the greatest burden of hypertension, 1 which is the strongest and most common modifiable risk factor for stroke. Consequently, strokes are an increasingly important health determinant especially in Africa, where these events were historically reported to be rare likely as a result of lack of resources to conduct proper community‐based studies . The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) approach is a systematic, scientific effort to quantify the comparative magnitude of health loss due to diseases, injuries, and risk factors by age, sex, and geography for specific points in time. Box 1 describes the history of GBD. The latest iteration of that effort, the Global Burden of Diseases.

South Africa has four concurrent epidemics, a health profi le found only in the Southern African Development Community region.1 Poverty-related illnesses (table), such as infectious diseases, maternal death, and malnutrition, remain widespread, and there is a growing burden of non-communicable diseases.2 HIV/AIDS.   WASHINGTON, September 4, – Children in sub-Saharan Africa are now less likely to die from diarrhea and pneumonia, but these illnesses are still the most common causes of childhood death and sickness in most African countries, according to a new report published today. Loss of health due to diarrheal diseases dropped 34% between and , lower respiratory infections (LRIs) .   The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that a health system needs one surgeon for ev citizens to meet the burden of disease. By that measure, Sierra Leone has a .   The diseases listed do not necessarily represent the total disease burden experienced by the local population. countries with 90% of cases and the majority of million estimated annual deaths occurring in sub-Saharan Africa. viral disease associated with rural areas in Asia; acute encephalitis can progress to paralysis, coma.

  A significant number of cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related deaths occur in developing countries. An increasing prevalence of CVD is associated with a change in the macro-economy of these countries. In this post hoc analysis, CVD risk factor (CVDRF) prevalence is evaluated across countries based on national income in the Africa and Middle East Region (AfME). HIV/AIDS is a major public health concern and cause of death in many African countries. AIDS rates vary dramatically although the majority of cases are concentrated in Southern Africa. Although the continent is home to about percent of the world's population, more than two-thirds of the total infected worldwide – some 35 million people – were Africans, of whom 15 million have already.   NEWS RELEASE: New Global Burden of Disease Study reveals that income, education, and birth rates – while critical – are not the only keys to healthy living in countries. Read More WASHINGTON – South Africans are living longer lives than they were 10 years ago, according to a new scientific analysis of more than diseases and. Approximately million Africans died of malaria, tuberculosis and HIV-related illnesses in These diseases can be prevented or treated with timely access to appropriate and affordable.

Measuring the burden of disease and returns to education in rural West Africa by Ralph P. WuМ€rthwein Download PDF EPUB FB2

For Sub-Saharan Africa in particular, he estimates a return to education of %. There exist Measuring the burden of disease and returns to education in rural West Africa book few studies on Sub-Saharan Africa, though. This thesis intends to produce empirical evidence on the measurement of the burden of disease, the structure of income, and returns to education in rural West Africa.

It deals with. Get this from a library. Measuring the burden of disease and returns to education in rural West Africa: the collection and analysis of mortality, morbidity, and socio-economic data in the Nouna Health District in Burkina Faso.

[Ralph P Würthwein]. Titre: Measuring the burden of disease, the structure of income and returns to education in rural West Africa: the collection and analysis of mortality, morbidity and socio-economic data in the Nouna Health District in Burkina Faso Auteur: Würthwein, Ralph P.

Université de soutenance: Ruprecht-Karls Universität Heidelberg Grade: Doktor der Wirtschaftswissenschaften Measuring the Burden of Disease and Returns to Education in Rural West Africa. The Collection and Analysis of Mortality, Morbidity, and Socio-Economic Data in Author: Ralph Würthwein.

Measuring the burden of disease and returns to education in rural West Africa: the collection and analysis of mortality, morbidity, and socio-economic data in the Nouna Health District in Burkina. In the qualitative study of the burden of disease for sub-Saharan Africa, it is estimated that about % of the burden of disease is carried by men while the global burden of disease study.

Section A: Burden of disease Analysis The proportions of deaths and years of life lost (YLLs) due to the four broad cause groups were calculated for each of the 52 districts. Years of life lost is a measure of premature mortality based on the age at death and thus highlights the causes of death that should be targeted for prevention.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) established an office in Guinea induring the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, to help develop capacities to prevent, detect, and. Within each region, some countries and subregions performed better than others over the past two decades. In sub-Saharan Africa, for instance, rural poverty declined in much of East and West Africa but increased in Middle Africa; in North Africa rural poverty declined, while it increased in the conflict-affected Middle East (IFAD pp.

Exploring Disease in Africa Introduction 6 I hope you find this curriculum useful as you expose your students to new ways of thinking about disease in Africa. Main Themes Briefly stated, the main themes of this curriculum are: • The physical environment profoundly shapes disease.

The environment is more than just the natural environment. Epidemiologists break the disease burden down into three key categories of disability or disease – and this is shown in the chart here: non-communicable diseases (NCDs) [in blue]; communicable, maternal, neonatal and nutritional diseases [in red], and injuries [in grey].

We provide a more detailed breakdown of what sub-categories fall within each of these three groupings in our Data Quality.

The Environmental Burden of Disease (EBD) series continues this effort to generate reliable information by presenting methods fo r assessing the burden of disease related to the environment at national and local levels.

The methods in the series use the general framework for global assessments described in the World Health Report (WHO, ). West Africa occupies approximately one‐fifth of Africa.

The vast majority of this region is composed of plains lying less than m above sea level, but the northern section is composed of a semiarid terrain known as the Sahel, a transitional zone between the Sahara and the savannahs and forests of western Sudan.

Infographic: Burden of Disease in SA Ma (4 years, 8 months ago) The South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC) presented the findings of its national burden of disease study for to to the Select Committee on Social Services on Tuesday, 16 March Francophone Africa still carries a high burden of communicable and neonatal diseases, probably due to the weakness of health-care systems and services, as evidenced by the almost complete attribution of DALYs to YLLs.

To cope with this burden of disease, francophone Africa should define its priorities and invest more resources in health-system strengthening and in the quality and quantity of. Background The burden of hypertension is high in Africa, and due to rapid population growth and ageing, the exact burden on the continent is still far from being known.

We aimed to estimate the prevalence and awareness rates of hypertension in Africa based on the cut off “≥/90 mm Hg”. Methods We conducted a systematic search of Medline, EMBASE and Global Health. Background. Increasing urbanization has fueled social and economic changes in sub-Saharan Africa, which have contributed to a surge in non-communicable disease (NCD), including hypertension [1,2].High blood pressure is the leading risk factor for mortality worldwide and approximately 80% of all cardiovascular deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries [].

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Chronic Diseases in South Africa Technical Report Editors: Debbie Bradshaw while assessing the independent effects of education, urban/rural setting and population group while adjusting for age. • There is a need to improve the burden of disease data-base for the country, particularly.

Lifestyle diseases pose new burden for Africa. Get monthly Long considered diseases of the West and often associated with the urban and affluent in society, NCDs have crept silently into many. The region has 11 percent of the world’s population but carries 24 percent of the global disease burden.

With less than 1 percent of global health expenditure and only 3 percent of the world’s health workers, Africa accounts for almost half the world’s deaths of children under five, has the highest maternal mortality rate, and bears a. burden of disease. High blood pressure was one of the five leading risk factors for rural sites in Latin America, India, and China, the prevalence of hypertension ranged between % (Peru) and % (Puerto Rico) in urban sites, and between % functions, and measurement to facilitate quality improvement.

A protocol can result in a. Africa faces a double burden of infectious and chronic diseases. While infectious diseases still account for at least 69% of deaths on the continent, age specific mortality rates from chronic diseases as a whole are actually higher in sub Saharan Africa than in virtually all other regions of the world, in both men and women.

Over the next ten years the continent is projected to experience. Although the share of disease burden in central, eastern, and western sub-Saharan Africa attributable to childhood underweight, household air pollution from solid fuels, and non-exclusive and discontinued breastfeeding have fallen substantially, these three risk factors continued in to be the leading causes of disease burden.

Populations in sub-Saharan Africa are shifting from rural to increasingly urban. Although the burden of cardiovascular disease is expected to increase with this changing landscape, few large studies have assessed a wide range of risk factors in urban and rural populations, particularly in West Africa.

Global burden of 87 risk factors in countries and territories, – a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) provides a standardised and comprehensive assessment of the magnitude of risk factor exposure, relative risk, and.

Africa’s double burden 63 Africa’s lesser known toll of ill-health 65 Cardiovascular diseases 65 Obesity and undernutrition: an African paradox 65 Cancer 66 Injuries, violence and disabilities 67 Blindness 69 Mental health problems 70 Genetic diseases 71 Oral diseases 72 Efforts to tackle the problems 73 Legislation and marketing As in past years, the African Region shouldered more than 90% of the overall disease burden.

Sincethe region has reduced its malaria death toll by 44%, from an estimated to Disease burden (DALYs) among adults by broad cause, selected subregions, (WHO, b). In Africa, the burden of communicable diseases is higher than those of non communicable diseases and injuries, whereas, in other regions, the burden of non communicable diseases is predominant.

The accumulated losses to South Africa (SA)’s gross domestic product between and from diabetes, stroke and coronary heart disease alone are estimated to cost the country US$ billion.1 Employers face additional costs in the form of high staff turnover and absenteeism, because these conditions are not only a source of morbidity.

In Sub-Saharan Africa, prevalence and burden of type 2 diabetes are rising quickly. Rapid uncontrolled urbanisation and major changes in lifestyle could be driving this epidemic.

The increase presents a substantial public health and socioeconomic burden in the face of scarce resources. Some types of diabetes arise at younger ages in African than in European populations. The general shift of a middle-income country toward an increased burden of chronic diseases, such as ischemic heart disease, stroke, and cancer, has been joined by a rise in infectious diseases associated with HIV/AIDS and the persistence of the classic diseases of poverty, such as childhood malnutrition, gastroenteritis, tuberculosis, and.

Hurrell et al. and Klassen et al. provide a thorough description of the mandatory and voluntary fortifications programs in Côte d’Ivoire and West and Central Africa [21, 22].

Burden of disease studies provides important scientific information to decision makers about the scale of a public health problem and its consequences.